pysal.lib.weights.vecW(origin_x, origin_y, dest_x, dest_y, threshold, p=2, alpha=-1.0, binary=True, ids=None, build_sp=False, silence_warnings=False)[source]

Distance-based spatial weight for vectors that is computed using a 4-dimensional distance between the origin x,y-coordinates and the destination x,y-coordinates

origin_x : list or array

of vector origin x-coordinates

origin_y : list or array

of vector origin y-coordinates

dest_x : list or array

of vector destination x-coordinates

dest_y : list or array

of vector destination y-coordinates

threshold : float

distance band

p : float

Minkowski p-norm distance metric parameter: 1<=p<=infinity 2: Euclidean distance 1: Manhattan distance

binary : boolean

If true w_{ij}=1 if d_{i,j}<=threshold, otherwise w_{i,j}=0 If false wij=dij^{alpha}

alpha : float

distance decay parameter for weight (default -1.0) if alpha is positive the weights will not decline with distance. If binary is True, alpha is ignored

ids : list

values to use for keys of the neighbors and weights dicts

build_sp : boolean

True to build sparse distance matrix and false to build dense distance matrix; significant speed gains may be obtained dending on the sparsity of the of distance_matrix and threshold that is applied

silence_warnings : boolean

By default PySAL will print a warning if the dataset contains any disconnected observations or islands. To silence this warning set this parameter to True.

W : DistanceBand W object that uses 4-dimenional distances between

vectors origin and destination coordinates.


>>> import pysal.lib
>>> x1 = [5,6,3]
>>> y1 = [1,8,5]
>>> x2 = [2,4,9]
>>> y2 = [3,6,1]
>>> W1 = pysal.lib.weights.spintW.vecW(x1, y1, x2, y2, threshold=999)
>>> list(W1.neighbors[0])
[1, 2]
>>> W2 = pysal.lib.weights.spintW.vecW(x1, y2, x1, y2, threshold=8.5)
>>> list(W2.neighbors[0])
[1, 2]